Thursday, March 09, 2006
The 2006-2007 budget increases disparity in HRD spending
(See also http://www.baral.us/hrd05.pdf for a spreadsheet of the calculation)
According to 2005-2006 budget while the central government spends Rs 4.07 on HRD-NH (HRD ministry funded higher education institutions plus instituition of national importance) per person in Orissa, it spends Rs 177.12 in Delhi, Rs 105.42 in Uttaranchal, Rs 105 in Arunachal Pradesh, Rs 77.7 in Assam, Rs 33.78 in Himachal Pradesh, Rs 28.10 in West Bengal, Rs 25.12 in Karnataka, Rs 17.79 in Tamil Nadu, Rs 17.09 in Maharastra, Rs 17.08 in UP, Rs 16.2 in Jharkhand, Rs 16.05 in Andhra, Rs 14.5 in J & K, Rs 13.38 in Punjab, Rs 8.52 in Haryana, Rs 7.9 in Kerala, Rs 7.39 in Chhattisgarh, Rs 7.2 in MP, Rs 4.87 in Gujurat, Rs 2.59 in Rajasthan, and Rs 1.87 in Bihar.
In the 2006-2007 budget the above inequity is made worse.
(See http://www.baral.us/hrd06.pdf for a spreadsheet of the calculation)
According to 2006-2007 budget while the central government spends Rs 4.07 on HRD-NH (HRD ministry funded higher education institutions plus instituition of national importance) per person in Orissa, it will spend Rs 183.08 in Delhi, Rs 115.14 in Uttaranchal, Rs 126.97 in Arunachal Pradesh, Rs 82 in Assam, Rs 34.10 in Himachal Pradesh, Rs 41.20 in West Bengal, Rs 33.4 in Karnataka, Rs 27 in Tamil Nadu, Rs 28.38 in Maharastra, Rs 17.73 in UP, Rs 18.61 in Jharkhand, Rs 16.05 in Andhra, Rs 14.50 in J & K, Rs 33.27 in Punjab, Rs 8.13 in Haryana, Rs 7.90 in Kerala, Rs 7.39 in Chhattisgarh, Rs 9.02 in MP, Rs 4.87 in Gujurat, Rs 2.59 in Rajasthan, and Rs 1.87 in Bihar.
What is alarming is the soft-corruption involved in the new budget.
the new institutes that are proposed are almost all in states whose government is either allied with the central government or the states where the Finance minister comes from. The following list of new initiatives makes this clear.
1. IISER are proposed in Pune, Kolkata, Punjab. These are all in states ruled by partiesal lied to the central government. IISER Pune and Kolkata have a budget of 50 crores now and IISER Punjab will have a similar budget.
2. A Central Institute of Horticulture will be established inNagaland. (Exception: not ruled by congress.)
3. Paddy Processing Research Centre at Thanjavur will be developed into a national-level institute. (In Tamil Nadu -- Finance minister's home state.)
4. During 2006-07, Ministry of Tourism will establish 4 newinstitutes of hotel management in the States of Chhattisgarh,Haryana, Jharkhand and Uttaranchal. (These are technical institutes rtaher than higher educational institutes.)
5. The existing National Institute of Port Management, Chennai, has been renamed as the National Maritime Academy, and it is proposed toupgrade it into a Central University under an Act of Parliament. The University will have regional campuses at Mumbai, Kolkata andVisakhapatnam.
central university. (Chennai is in finance minister's home state.
Mumbai, Kolkata and Vijag are all in states ruled by parties allied to the central government.)
6. 50 crores each now and 50 crores at the end of the year to University of Calcutta, the University of Mumbai and the University of Madras. (The first two are in states allied to the centralgovernment and the third is the state from where the finance minister hails.)
7. Rs.100 crore for an institution of excellence to a distinguished institution, the Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana. (Punjab government is allied to the central government)
8. Accord the status of an autonomous National Institute to the RajivGandhi Centre for Biotechnology, Tiruvananthapuram, Kerala. (Kerala has a Congress government, is up for election.)
9. Central Institute of Technology, Kokrajhar, Assam. (Has a congress government, up for election.)
The above connections between states that are given large allocationfor specific higher education/research institutions and the relationbetween those state's (West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra,Punjab) government and the central govt or the ties between the PMor FM and those states (Punjab and Tamilnadu resp.) may be acoincidence. But such coincidences happening over and over for 60years has significantly contributed to the backwardness of stateslike Orissa.